A term meaning either an ecclesiastical parish or a civil parish. If the former, this refers to a sub-division of a church diocese, where each parish tends to belong to a parent church within the diocese. If the latter, this is an administrative sub-division, often within individual wards. A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of around 80,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants, but parishes do not cover the whole country – only 35% of the English population is thought to live within a civil parish.